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Cold and Flu: Do's and Dont's

The Common Cold & Flu

Person washing hands

Colds and the flu are caused by viruses that spread from person to person.

Try these simple steps to help keep you and your family healthier:

To Prevent Cold and Flu


  • Exercise regularly, eat nutritious foods and get enough sleep.
  • Wash your hands often, especially during the peak cold and flu seasons (late winter and early spring). You can pick up a cold from a handshake, the telephone - even money.


  • Touch your eyes, nose and mouth excessively.
  • Share cups, glasses or utensils among family members, especially during peak cold and flu seasons.

To Relieve Cold and Flu Symptoms

  • Drink plenty of fluids.
  • Get adequate rest in a well-ventilated room.
  • Use a vaporizer to increase the humidity in the air -- this will help loosen mucus and relieve a dry throat (be sure to clean the vaporizer after each use).
  • Cover your nose and mouth with your arm (not hands) while coughing or sneezing; wash your hands frequently to avoid the spread of germs.
  • Use paper tissues that you can toss after use instead of cloth handkerchiefs to avoid giving the virus to others.
  • Consult a healthcare professional for additional information.

Want More Tips?


    Information from the U.S. government for seasonal, H1N1, avian and pandemic flu.


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